The Getting Free from the Holds and Overbalancing the Opponent

Alexey Alexeyevich Kadochnikov worked out a special system of the martial art for self-defense. The Kadochnicov Systema is known for its holds. The elements of the Kadochnikov Systema are widely used in the russian spetsnaz training.

The holds are divided into:

–    paralyzing;
–    painful;
–    suffocating.

They are applied when you need to attack the enemy, paralyze or disarm him. In this case you should use the complex of leverages, the couple of forces, and know the painful points. When performing the painful holds you should pull the joints out of their sockets preventing him from moving at the same time.

Practicing the hand-to-hand combat is very complicated process that consists of several stages. When studying the getting free from various holds you should start with the training situations when the rival is holding you by the hands, by the forearms or when the opponent is grabbing your wrist. In all these cases you should focus on the mechanics of the release and use the leverages in a proper way. It implies you should be able o find pivots of the enemy’s hold, points of force application and an arm of force. You should also know how to overbalance the rival.

Assume he’s holding you by the hands. To overbalance the opponent you should involve him in the motion by turning and sitting down to the necessary level. The direction, the angle of the turn and the level of the squat you choose according to the hold of the rival, the distance between you and the position of your bodies.

At the same time you should grab the arm that is holding you and turn off all the degrees of freedom in the parts of this arm (the hand, the forearm, the shoulder). You should pull the joints out of their sockets and twist them (the wrist, the elbow joint, the shoulder joint).

It is important to keep your stand when you’re doing this. Due to this we perform the element using not the strength of your arms and shoulder-girdle but the body weight. In this way we save energy and spare the work of the heart.

Doing everything mentioned above we shift the rival’s center of gravity out of his support point and as a result we overbalance him.

When explaining and demonstrating the mechanics of the getting free from the holds the instructor should make accent on the couple of forces. This is very significant element in the Kadochnikov Systema. It helps to produce additional twisting moment and overturn the opponent eventually.

There is one very important moment when practicing the holds and the release from them: the hold should be performed in a lose form to allow a man to feel the control he takes over the opponent. That also helps him to understand the laws of the mechanics he applies when getting free.

It’s advisable to train the release from one kind of the hold no more than 5-7 times at a run. You need to avoid forming firm stereotypes when learning the russian hand-to-hand combat.

Further you should practice more true to life holds (by the hands, by the legs, by the clothes, by the head, by the hair, by the torso and so on). Try to practice paralyzing holds as well as painful and suffocating.

After you’ve learnt the holds and the getting free in statics you can move on to practicing the same elements in dynamics. Besides it is reasonable to use here tactical impact on the painful points and psychological impact. One of the main strategic rules when you’re going to get free from a hold is to distract the opponent’s attention. You can divert his attention with a hit, a pinch, a shout or in some other way.

When practicing holds and releases the impact on the sore spots should be slight and brief. You should assess the effect you produce watching the reaction or the partner.

You also should know how to finish off the rival after you’ve dropped him on the floor. This requirement teaches you to carry the russian hand-to-hand combat out to its logical end (fatal outcome or temporary putting him out of action). Don’t forget that even a fatally wounded enemy may be very dangerous.

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